ARCHIVE: Notifiable diseases
A notifiable disease is a disease named in section 88 of the Animal Health Act 1981 or an Order made under that Act. Section 15(1) of the Act says that:
"any person having in their possession or under their charge an animal affected or suspected of having one of these diseases must, with all practicable speed, notify that fact to a police constable."
In practice, if you suspect signs of any of the notifiable diseases in the table below, you must immediately notify your local Animal Health office.
- Table of Exotic Notifiable Disease Investigations 2004 - 2010
- Horse Diseases - details of diseases covered by the Infectious Diseases of Horses Order 1987.
- Specified Diseases - details of diseases made compulsorily notifiable by the Specified Diseases (Notification and Slaughter) Order 1992 (as amended) and the Specified Diseases (Notification) Order 1996 (as amended) to enact European Union Legislation.
- Notifiable Disease Archives
|Notifiable Disease||Species Affected||Occurred last in Great Britain|
|African Horse Sickness||Horses||Never|
|African Swine Fever||Pigs||Never|
|Anthrax||Cattle and other mammals||2006|
|Aujeszky's Disease||Pigs and other mammals||1989|
|Avian Influenza (Bird flu)||Poultry||2008|
|Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (to BSE home page)||Cattle||Present|
|Bluetongue||All ruminants and camelids||Present|
|Brucellosis (Brucella abortus)||Cattle||2004|
|Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)||Sheep and Goats||Never|
|Classical Swine Fever||Pigs||2000|
|Contagious agalactia||Sheep and Goats||Never|
|Contagious Bovine Pleuro-pneumonia||Cattle||1898|
|Contagious Epididymitis (Brucella ovis)||Sheep and Goats||Never|
|Contagious Equine Metritis||Horses||2010|
|Enzootic Bovine Leukosis||Cattle||1996|
|Epizootic Haemorrhagic Virus Disease||Deer||Never|
|Equine Infectious Anaemia||Horses||2010|
|Equine Viral Arteritis||Horses||2010|
|Equine Viral Encephalomyelitis||Horses||Never|
|European Bat Lyssavirus (EBLV)||Bats||2008|
|Foot and Mouth Disease||Cattle, sheep, pigs and other cloven hoofed animals||2007|
|Glanders and Farcy||Horses||1928|
|Lumpy Skin Disease||Cattle||Never|
|Paramyxovirus of pigeons||Pigeons||Present|
|Pest des Petits Ruminants||Sheep and Goats||Never|
|Rabies (Classical)||Dogs and other mammals||1970|
|Rift Valley Fever||Cattle, Sheep and Goats||Never|
|Rinderpest (Cattle plague)||Cattle||1877|
|Scrapie (on Defra's BSE website)||Sheep and goats||Present|
|Swine Vesicular Disease||Pigs||1982|
|Teschen Disease(Porcine enterovirus encephalomyelitis)||Pigs||Never|
|Tuberculosis (Bovine TB)||Cattle and deer||Present|
|Vesicular Stomatitis||Cattle, pigs and horses||Never|
|Warble fly||Cattle, (also deer and horses)||1990|
|West Nile Virus||Horses||Never|
A more complete list of animal diseases and zoonoses is also available on the OIE website.
Specified diseases are diseases made compulsorily notifiable by the Specified Diseases (Notification and Slaughter) Order 1992 (as amended) and the Specified Diseases (Notification) Order 1996 (as amended) to enact European Union Legislation. The following diseases are covered:
- African horse sickness
- Brucellosis caused by Brucella Melitensis
- Contagious agalactia
- Contagious epididymitis
- Epizootic Haemorrhagic disease
- Equine Infectious Anaemia
- Goat pox
- Lumpy Skin Disease
- Peste des Petits Ruminants
- Rift Valley Fever
- Sheep Pox
- Teschen Disease
- Vesicular Stomatitis
Main aspects of disease control
The Specified Diseases legislation extends the definition of "disease" in section 88 of the Animal Health Act 1981 to include the above diseases, and applies section 32 of the Act, which enables the Secretary of State to cause animals to be slaughtered on account of disease, to apply to these diseases.
Council Directive 92/119 does provide that certain specified Diseases shall be subject to compulsory slaughter, and the imposition of 3 km protection zone and a 10 km surveillance zone around premises where disease is confirmed. Restrictions would remain in force for a variable time depending on the incubation period of the disease in question.
Most of these diseases have never been recorded in Great Britain.
Note: Bluetongue was originally covered by the specified diseases provisions in Directive 92/119. It is now the subject of a separate Council Directive (2000/75) which applies the control measures as for African Horse Sickness. Essentially, these involve a larger protection zone and surveillance zone and a longer period of time in which the restrictions remain in force.
Page last modified: November 30, 2010